Pharmacovigilance is the science that deals with detection, assessment and monitoring of side effects of drugs available in the market. It covers hospitals, medical clinics etc. that use high levels of drugs.
Pharmacovigilance is essential to maintain health standards while researching and manufacturing healthcare products. Some medicinal drugs use hazardous compounds, which must be monitored closely during the manufacturing process in order to keep the environment contamination-free and avoid any accidental spilling or leakage of those hazardous elements.
The application of Pharmacovigilance is discussed below:
The healthcare organizations world over have supplied various guidelines to prevent workplace contamination in pharmaceutical factories. These guidelines are used to determine the criteria for classifying a drug as hazardous. These also emphasize on the significance of educating and training professionals in handling these hazardous drugs. The guidelines further exhort the companies to establish suitable drug handling areas as well as ensure safe removal of contaminated waste.
For Medical Devices
Safety equipments such as biological safety cabinets and isolators are now available to ensure minimal exposure to toxic drugs, thus reducing the risks of both short term and long term illnesses caused due to exposure to these drugs.
A more efficient device is the closed system drug transfer device. This device protects the workers by enabling leak-free transfer of hazardous substances. Its main function is to maintain the sterility of the drug while at the same time prohibiting any toxic agents to escape into the surrounding environment. This device has certainly reduced the contamination level of hazardous drugs in its surroundings.
Courtesy the guidelines provided by healthcare agencies and the availability of modern safety equipment, it has become easier to carry out Pharmacovigilance.
By following these guidelines and handling safety devices properly, the risk to hazardous drugs can be contained to a large extent, and that is exactly the main aim of pharmacovigilance.